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Terms of Reference for the Evaluation of Water Sanitation & Hygiene (WASH) program of ICCO Cooperation in Bangladesh
Background ICCO Cooperation (ICCO), Bangladesh Country Office is looking to recruit experts to evaluate its WASH program, which has been implementing since 2012. The evaluation will be based on a standard methodology and focus on analysis and documentation of ICCO’s impacts on the priority geographic areas of operation for the last 5 years, on how successful the program have been on benefitting target communities out of reach of mainstream services and resources and excluded from policy making processes and strengthening the capacity of civil society organizations in the country. The evaluation team will formulate the methodology most appropriate, validate these ideas through field testing and carry out an extensive evaluation based on the methodology. ICCO Cooperation is an international cooperative for development cooperation, with its roots in the Netherlands. Our identity and work is characterized by three crucial values: compassion, justice and stewardship. The mission of ICCO is to contribute to poverty alleviation and social justice in programs and countries where we can have an impact and make a difference. We are a global organization and the strong voice of many southern countries, and we focus on global goods, international justice, gender equality, human rights, WASH, food security and climate in the 44 countries we work. We create links between the local and international groups (vice versa) both internally and externally. We believe change depends both on the entrepreneurial capacity of individual people and on the capacity and willingness to join forces with others. Therefore ICCO promotes and facilitates the collaboration between different types of participants: civilians (private sphere), social organizations (civil society), enterprises and business (market) and governments (state). The program
For WASH, 3 pathways are discerned that are strongly interrelated. The 1st pathway takes the people, the users of WASH services, as focal point and works with them on their actual WASH situation. The 2nd pathway involves them with local level lobby work, which is oriented on the local government and private sector. The 3rd pathway focuses on improving the enabling environment through evidence based lobby.
Securing Sustainable Livelihoods: poor WASH at household level leads to poor health, leads to less ability to work, to frequent drop out of school, to earn less income, etc. This vicious cycle has been broken to some extent because the access to latrines has improved remarkably in rural areas of Bangladesh over the last decade as a consequence of massive efforts by the GoB, development partners and the community-led Total Sanitation movement, reducing the practice of open defecation to a mere 1%. Yet the level of improved sanitation facilities remains low covering just above half the population. The current challenge is to move communities up the ‘sanitation ladder’ to achieve improved sanitation coverage in Bangladesh. Moreover, despite the gains made in creating open defecation free villages, the limitations of the primarily subsidy-led model are apparent in the low levels of hygienic latrine provision in rural Bangladesh. Therefore ICCO Bangladesh includes private sector driven interventions to advance sanitation.
The first precondition in this pathway is that people are more aware of the need to use safe water and a hygienic toilet, and practice personal hygiene. This leads to the precondition that people are willing to invest in WASH and that people do invest in affordable and durable WASH. A key assumption is that people do actually spend household resources on curing diseases and miss-income as they work less due to diseases and should therefore be willing to invest these funds into new WASH technologies.
As part of the first precondition people are not only made aware of their personal WASH situation but also of the WASH related government services and of affordable technologies. The preconditions in this pathway are distinguished as follows (highest precondition first):
1.1. Better services and opportunities to access water and sanitation are available. 1.2. Poor people get priority in provision of services by government institutions. 2.1. Union Parishad WASH budget tracking report available. 2.2. Diverse private service packages are available which assumes that the private sector have access to financial support and have been able to design and test appropriate technologies. 3.1. Government agencies at local level more active and transparent. 3.2. Private service providers are sensitized and willing to invest in offering low cost services. 4.1. People are united and mobilized to get support from the local government. 4.2. People participated in dialogue sessions with service providers.
The 3rd pathway builds on the conviction that ICCO Bangladesh needs to engage more in lobby activities as a strategy to promote change. It has the local base to build evidence and has partners from local to national level to engage with lobby work. At the national level the partnerships, such as the Bangladesh Wash Alliance, require strengthening though. The key preconditions are (highest precondition first):
Monitoring report on budget tracking available.
National budget for WASH is increased.
National WASH policy exists.
Policy makers are in favor of creating a more enabling environment.
Civil society more sensitized with a focus on media.
Communication strategy developed with and through print and electronic media and civil society.
Research based information available to build evidence based lobby strategies.
Technical Proposal (maximum seven pages, to be elaborated into a work plan in the inception phase):
Relevant experience of the consultants / consultancy firm
Understanding of the assignment / objectives of the evaluation
Proposal for the methodology, including sampling and approaches to be used
Proposed timeline for completing the evaluation
A plan for analysis and sense making of the data
A proposed outline of the report
Team composition and roles, including profiles /resumes of the personnel to be involved in the assignment (in annex)
Financial Proposal (maximum one-page): breakdown of cost estimates for services rendered.This should include, but not be limited to: daily consultancy fees, accommodation and living costs; transport cost, stationeries, and supplies needed for data collection and reporting
Interested and qualified consultants/consultancy firms should submit their proposal to the following email address (to be received no later than August 07, 2015 to:
ICCO Cooperation, Bangladesh Country Office Attn.: Hasna Hena Khan